New National Education Policy 2020
The New National Education policy approved by the union cabinet after 34 years ago and modified in 1992 and will introduce a four year undergraduate degree with multiple entry and exit options, Abolish the M.Phil. Degree and establish a common higher education regulator with fee fixation for both private and public institutions.
New policy Aims for universalization of education from preschool to secondary level with 100% gross enrolment ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
New education policy 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the mainstream through an open schooling system.
The current 10 + 2 system to be replaced by a new 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years respectively.
This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for development of mental facilities of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with 3 years of Anganwadi / pre schooling.
Emphasis on foundational literacy and numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extra curricular, vocational streams in schools; vocational education to start from class 6 with internships.
Teaching up to at least grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language. No language will be imposed on any student.
Assessment reforms with 360 degree holistic process card, tracking student process for achieving learning outcomes.
New and comprehensive National curriculum framework for teacher education, (NCFTE 2021), will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4 year integrated B.Ed degree.
Gross enrolment ratio in higher education to be raised to 50% by 2035, 3.5 crore seats to be added at higher education.
The policy envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curriculum, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education and multiple entry and exit points with appropriate certification. UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period.
Academic bank off of credits to be established to facilitate transfer of credits.
Multidisciplinary education and research universities ( MERUs), at par with IITs, IIMs , to be set up as models of best multi-disciplinary education of global standards in the country.
The National research foundation will be created as an Apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.
The Higher education commission of India will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for the entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education.
Higher education commission of India have four independent verticals-
1. National higher education regulatory council for regulation
2. General education council for standard setting
3. Higher education grants council for funding and
4. National acceleration council for accreditation.
Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.
Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.
Over a period of time, it is envisaged that every college would develop into either and autonomous degree granting college, aura constituent college of a University.
An autonomous body, the national educational technology forum, will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning and administration.
NEP 2020 emphasized setting up of gender inclusion fund, special education zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
New policy promotes multilingualism in both schools and higher education. National institute for Pali, Persian and prakit, Indian institute of translation and interpretation to be set up.
The center and the state will work together to increase the public investment in the education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.
Criticism Of NEP 2020
Education minister Manish Sisodia said that the national education policy was a forward-looking and progressive document that acknowledges the flaws in our education system and seeks to better it.
The problem with the policy is that there is no clarity on how it is to be implemented and does not break free from the pressures of the old education system.
The NEP is poorly funded and highly regulated policy that has multiple regulatory bodies that will end up clashing with each other.
A law to ensure that the funding is received during the budget else, it would be impossible to roll out the policy.
One of the biggest flaws what’s the policy does not talk about how to improve Government schools butter encourages the private ones.
Why the policy does not talk about training existing teachers.
The policy says that board examinations will be made easier and conducted twice a year. Board exams do not need to be made tougher for easier but it needs to be away from rote learning and boobs to a continuous assessment model instead.
The policy was completely silent on sports.
Advantages Of NEP 2020
The new education policy 2020 e has taken an important step forward in India’s transition from deprivation to development.
NEP 2020 is sweeping in its vision and seeking to address the entire gamut of education from preschool to doctoral studies, from professional degrees to vocational training.
India has faced unprecedented challenges in providing quality education to children and the youth.
Lack of resources and capacity, dozens of mother tongues, a link language that despite being the global language of choice is alien to most and a persistent mismatch between the knowledge and skills imparted and the jobs available have been some of the challenges that have better build other efforts since independence.
In adopting a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 model for school education starting at age 3 3 recognizes the primacy of the formative years from ages 3 to 8 in shaping the child’s future.
It also recognizes the importance of learning in the child’s mother tongue at least class 5.